Preliminary Discussion Forum for the 3rd MIC Sorbonne workshop (Paris, Nov. 15-16, 2012)

New Standards for Language Studies
Nouveaux Standards pour les Sciences du Langage

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#1 06/04/12 23:52

Wlodarczyk A
Coordinator

Distributed Grammar

Tentative integration of

          (1) Associative Semantics (Situation Frames - Semantics and Ontology)
  and
          (2) Meta-informative Centering Theory.

   In this research framework, the theoretical issues discussed in the above theories are proposed as meta-theoretical conceptual "building blocks" to be used when applying the procedures being elaborated under the general heading 'Interactive Linguistics'.

      We intend to make it possible that the Distributed Grammar encompasses also the Dynamics of Salience (by I. Kecskes).

      Distributed Grammar*) is being proposed as a multi-dimensional approach to the understanding of language. This constructive view emerges as the result of an investigation of syntactic structures and especially when it becomes clear that the sequential nature of language reflects both as well semantic as pragmatic components of utterance meaning. It also proved necessary to suppose that the basic hierarchical (tree-like) organisation of utterances is governed more by the pragmatic than semantic structures.

        Distributed Grammar is a tentative integration framework for Associative Semantics (AS) and the Meta-Informative Centring (MIC) theory. We claim that this integration can be achieved using two kinds of precision (expansion or development) of meaning : (1) external - reference and (2) internal – grounding (i.e.; refinement, compression and accommodation).

       Since, in Distributed Grammar, grounding and refinement cross also the spaces of discourse analysis such as the communicative one (backward/forward looking concern-centred parts of utterance (or, in other words, "anaphors/cataphors") and the epistemic one (known/unknown information), it can be considered therefore that both grounding and refinement (with accommodation) refer as well to the pragmatic as semantic components of grammar.

       The theory encompasses both as well (a) expression (communication in all its aspects: verbal, visual but also using other channels and supports) as (b) perception (cognitive experiencing of states and actions) which are only extreme examples of using ingredients from a rich realm of meaningful elements of the world starting with semiotic objects, starting with signs (natural language units), going through all the kinds of symbols, indexes, icons, signals etc. and ending with things (objects and facts). 'Symbols' stand for linguistic signs and 'things' cover everything ever possible (no matter whether they are real or imaginary).

*) Note:
The term "grammar" is used here in a traditional European sense (i.e.: collection of morphological and syntactic variations), not in the American Generative Linguistic one (i. e.: a set of production rules).

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